Debt Ratios for Residential Financing
Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide your maximum monthly payment after your other recurring debts are paid.
Understanding your qualifying ratio
In general, conventional loans need a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.
In these ratios, the first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can go toward housing costs. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including hazard insurance, homeowners' dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything that makes up the payment.
The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month that should be applied to housing costs and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes auto/boat payments, child support and credit card payments.
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .28 = $980 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .36 = $1,260 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .29 = $1,015 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .41 = $1,435 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, please use this Mortgage Loan Pre-Qualifying Calculator.
Remember these ratios are only guidelines. We'd be thrilled to go over pre-qualification to help you determine how large a mortgage loan you can afford.
At Norcal Capital Group, Inc, we answer questions about qualifying all the time. Give us a call: 6507631924.