Adjustable versus fixed loans
A fixed-rate loan features the same payment for the entire duration of your loan. Your property taxes may go up (or rarely, down), and your insurance rates might vary as well. For the most part payment amounts for your fixed-rate loan will be very stable.
Your first few years of payments on a fixed-rate loan go mostly to pay interest. That reverses as the loan ages.
Borrowers can choose a fixed-rate loan in order to lock in a low interest rate. Borrowers select these types of loans because interest rates are low and they want to lock in this lower rate. For homeowners who have an ARM now, refinancing into a fixed-rate loan can offer more monthly payment stability. If you have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) now, we'll be glad to help you lock in a fixed-rate at the best rate currently available. Call Norcal Capital Group, Inc at (650) 689-5684 to learn more.
Adjustable Rate Mortgages — ARMs, come in even more varieties. Generally, interest rates on ARMs are based on an outside index. A few of these are: the 6-month Certificate of Deposit (CD) rate, the one-year Treasury Security rate, the Federal Home Loan Bank's 11th District Cost of Funds Index (COFI), or others.
The majority of Adjustable Rate Mortgages feature this cap, which means they can't go up over a specific amount in a given period of time. There may be a cap on how much your interest rate can go up in one period. For example: no more than a couple percent per year, even if the underlying index goes up by more than two percent. Your loan may have a "payment cap" that instead of capping the interest rate directly, caps the amount your monthly payment can go up in a given period. The majority of ARMs also cap your interest rate over the duration of the loan period.
ARMs usually start out at a very low rate that usually increases over time. You may hear people talking about "3/1 ARMs" or "5/1 ARMs". For these loans, the introductory rate is fixed for three or five years. It then adjusts every year. These loans are fixed for 3 or 5 years, then they adjust. These loans are usually best for people who anticipate moving in three or five years. These types of adjustable rate programs benefit borrowers who plan to move before the initial lock expires.
You might choose an Adjustable Rate Mortgage to take advantage of a lower initial rate and count on moving, refinancing or simply absorbing the higher rate after the introductory rate goes up. ARMs can be risky when property values go down and borrowers can't sell or refinance their loan.
Have questions about mortgage loans? Call us at (650) 689-5684. It's our job to answer these questions and many others, so we're happy to help!