Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
The FICO score is built by credit agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, and the like.
All three credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage loan have a score above 620.
FICO makes a difference in interest rates
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must, of course, remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to raise your credit score, you've got to obtain the reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO credit score, offers FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call at (650) 689-5684.