Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since our world is so automated, it's probably not that surprising that your creditworthiness comes down to one number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to calculate your score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for just a short time?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly from one agency to another. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most people getting a mortgage score 620 or above.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my FICO score?
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Because the FICO score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to significantly improve the score with quick fixes. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
To improve your score, you must obtain the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO score, offers scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are information and online tools that can help you improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at 6507631924.